What is a Suspense Account?

suspense account

If you get a payment, but you don’t know who has sent it, you may need to place the amount in a suspense account. Once you have checked invoices and other correspondence and confirmed with the client or customer, you can then move the amount to the appropriate account. List the suspense account under “Other Assets” on your trial balance sheet. After you make corrections, close the suspense account so that it’s no longer part of the trial balance.

  • As the name suggests, a suspense account is an account that temporarily records amounts that are yet to have their proper accounts determined.
  • Suspense accounts allow accountants to monitor ambiguous transactions separate from a company’s or individual’s finances.
  • When you find out the invoice, close the suspense account and move the amount to the correct account.
  • It may be useful to note why you put certain transactions into a suspense account rather than another part of the general ledger.
  • It identifies where the money came from and allows the money to be used as payment to various polices.

When all errors affecting the trial balance have been rectified by means of journal entries, the Suspense-Account will show no balance. Sometimes, you may receive payments to or invoices for your client without addressing a clear recipient. A suspense account is useful in this situation to ensure you track all expenses and revenue in the proper places to keep budgets for all departments. It’s important to understand who sent an invoice or made a purchase when keeping accounts for your clients, so consider putting transactions into a suspense account if the sender is unclear. Doing this allows you to figure out who sent payments or invoices and track that revenue and expense in the proper parts of your client’s ledger. Using a suspense account for transactions without obvious senders also allows you and your client to ensure the correct people are sending and receiving payment.

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Whether intentional or accidental, partial payments can be tricky to match up to invoices. You can hold them in a suspense account until you know which account they should move to. AccountDebitCreditSuspense Account50Cash50When you receive the full payment from the customer, debit $50 to the suspense account. This closes the suspense account and moves the payment to the correct account. For suspense account journal entries, open a suspense account in your general ledger. The format of suspense account entries will be either a credit or debit. Also, enter the same amount with an opposite entry in another account.

What is a suspense payment?

A "suspense account" is a catch-all account that a mortgage servicer uses to temporarily hold funds if you overpay or underpay your monthly payment.

If we cannot ascertain the true nature of a particular investment, then this account will be classified as a current account. In similar ways, it could also be used to park an “unclassified” liability. A liability is something a person or company owes, usually a sum of money. BOL Learning Connect offers more than 200 courses ON-DEMAND or on CD ROM from AML to Reg Z and every topic in between. The ASL fingerspelling provided here is most commonly used for proper names of people and places; it is also used in some languages for concepts for which no sign is available at that moment. When writing, please provide details of your inquiry, such as document number, account number, screenshot of error, etc.

Review it daily

The account works as a temporary solution where you hold an entry that you can’t classify or don’t know where to record. For future reconciliation purposes, a company cannot simply record a payment towards any invoice – they must be specific and accurate. It was presented in good time for the suspense account to be cleared up before the end of the present financial year. Save money without sacrificing features you need for your business.

  • Most importantly suspense account fulfills your demand for time management.
  • A suspense account may also be useful if your client pays for a product or service they haven’t yet received.
  • However, it is recommended to keep a minimum of 25 ledger accounts in order to avoid errors when posting entries.
  • This allows you to keep track of transactions that may have errors, which keeps the general ledger more accurate.
  • Across campus, departments use clearing, default and suspense accounts for a variety of reasons (Procurement Cards, Preferred Booking Program Travel, Credit Card Sales, etc.).
  • Additional information about the money can be captured when the suspense record is created.

Even if there is no timeline set by regulatory authorities for the clear-out process, businesses routinely carry out monthly or quarterly suspense account reconciliations. The bookkeeper is unable to balance the company’s trial balance, with the credit column exceeding the debit side by $500. The unclassified transactions temporarily “parked” in this account are a “suspense” that we need to investigate and relocate into their correct accounts accordingly.


Activity currencies are defined in the Activity Details section when the Add Activity button is selected and an activity is added to the policy. When a suspense record is created, OIPA automatically displays the Attached Amount, which is the total amount of money attached to that suspense record, as well as the automatically generated suspense number and status. These three fields are reserved for system use and cannot be edited by the user. Additional information about the money can be captured when the suspense record is created.

At that point, the suspense account should achieve a balance of zero dollars. While there is no definitive timetable for conducting a clearing-out process, many businesses try to regularly accomplish this on a monthly or quarterly basis. Suspense accounts are commonly used when there is no paper trail for the transaction or the nature of it hasn’t been informed yet. Nevertheless, the size of these accounts should be fairly small since most transactions are easily categorized in a regular business operation. It is a temporary account set up to record errors that cause discrepancies in the trial balance pending the time the error would be located and corrected. A suspense account is opened whenever you receive a payment and you cannot identify which invoice the customer wants paid or which customer made the payment.

For example, let’s say you split your mortgage payments up and pay two payments per month rather than once a month. The servicer most likely will place the first payment in a suspense account until the second payment is received. Once the suspense account has enough funds to make a full payment, the servicer will remove the funds from suspense and apply them to the account. Accountants handle the everyday finances of companies to help them keep track of expenses and revenue for more accurate spending and reporting.

But because this amount isn’t enough to cover the November payment, it will go into suspense, and the cycle will continue. Suspense records are used to track and hold money in a suspense account. A unique suspense number is generated with each suspense record for identification purposes. Suspense records are written to the suspense account for a company’s general ledger.

Dictionary Entries Near suspense account

Once the entire suspense record amount is attached to one or more policies, the suspense record’s status is automatically changed to Closed and no more money may be attached to the record. As long as the attached amount is less than the suspense record amount, the status will remain Open. When the transaction in question has something to do with the Accounts Payable, the suspense account is considered to be under current liabilities. Another example would be if a company makes a payment towards their vendors but the vendor has provided the wrong bank details.

  • Reviewing your client’s suspense account daily allows you to understand which transactions are still ambiguous and reminds you to look more deeply into them.
  • A company’s general ledger needs to show all of your organisation’s financial accounts, including your suspense account.
  • Petty cash is a small amount of cash on hand used for paying expenses too small to merit writing a check.
  • The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice.

Reviewing your client’s suspense account daily allows you to understand which transactions are still ambiguous and reminds you to look more deeply into them. Doing this keeps your client’s finances on track and prevents the suspense account from getting full of unclear transactions that may affect the overall revenue and expenses of your client.

Many transaction fields in Manager default to Suspense until valid entries are made in them. It appears automatically on the Balance Sheet in the Equity grouping whenever it has a non-zero balance. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Later, the decision is made to charge 4/5 of it to carriage inward and the rest to carriage outwards.

Are we missing a good definition for suspense account? Don’t keep it to yourself…

His accountant then reclassified the operation as a fixed asset purchase and the suspense account balance was removed. Errors that affect one account will affect the agreement of the Trail balance. If the errors cannot be located immediately and rectified, then the difference in trial balance is kept in a separate account called ‘suspense account’. In case a suspense a/c is not closed at the end of an accounting period, the balance in suspense account is shown on the asset side of a balance sheet if it is a “Debit balance”.

The artificial tallying of the trial balance by the introduction of suspense account enables the Final Accounts to be prepared even before the location of errors. If you do not know who made the payment, review the open invoices to try to match up the payment. Before posting the payment, call your customer to verify the payment is correct.

The account specified may not exist, or it may be deleted/frozen. If one of these conditions exist, the transaction should be directed to a suspense account. In branchless banking – banking through mobile for unbanked – these accounts are used for ‘money-in-transit’. For example, sender sends payment from US ACH account to a BB mobile number in Japan. The customer receives an alert on their mobile to withdraw this money from any BB agent.

suspense account

The total of purchase book for December had been under cast by Rs.1000. Goods sold to Vijaya for Rs.45 was posted to her account as Rs.54. To account for this 1000 shortfall in the credit side debtor accounts, we have to credit the debtor’s account with N1000 so that the credit side of the debtor’s account will increase to N10,000. Hearst Newspapers participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice.

Other Uses for Suspense Accounts

Let’s have a deep look into some examples to get a more clear picture of how an error is found and eventually removed. It identifies where the money came from and allows the money to be used as payment to various polices.

The suspense account is listed on the trial balance under the Other Assets heading. It remains there until the reasons for the imbalance are discovered and corrected. If your trial balance debits are larger than the credits, the difference is recorded in the suspense account as a credit. No, you do not need to close your suspense account as long as you are keeping track of uncorrected transactions. If your business experiences a high rate of change in its accounts, though, it is best practice to close the suspense account periodically and transfer all uncorrected entries to their respective ledger accounts.

That only hides problems and usually makes both your Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement inaccurate. Problems that caused transactions to post to Suspense must be identified and corrected. It is vital to note that errors that do not cause disagreement in the trial balance are not recorded in the suspense account.

suspense account

This keeps uncategorized transactions separate from categorized transactions. It is like a temporary shelf where all the “miscellaneous” items can be parked until their actual nature can be ascertained. When we record uncertain transactions in permanent accounts, it might create balancing issues. It helps us to avoid recording transactions in the wrong accounts. But in the end, we should make sure to reduce the suspense account balance to zero and transfer all the entries in their respective accounts to better represent our books. Regardless of the issues in question, suspense accounts are cleared out once the problem is addressed, at which time the funds are promptly re-shuffled to their correctly designated accounts.

A company’s general ledger needs to show all of your organisation’s financial accounts, including your suspense account. You might be unsure about which department of your business to charge, so you place the amount in a suspense account. Eventually, you allocate entries in the suspense account to a permanent account.

A suspense account is an account used temporarily to carry doubtful receipts and disbursements or discrepancies pending their analysis and permanent classification. It can be a repository for monetary transactions entered with invalid account numbers.

However, in your day-to-day business activities, using a https://www.bookstime.com/ in accounting is much like placing a document on a “to file” pile. Accounts payable suspense accounts are opened when you purchase a fixed asset by making payments but will not receive the asset until it is fully paid off. The suspense account lets you record your payments without assigning the payments to a specific equipment or machinery account. Otherwise, combining the payments with an existing fixed asset would distort the value of that asset. Once the final payment is made and the asset is received, you close the suspense account and open a separate account for the new fixed asset. Another reason to use a suspense account for your client is if they receive partial payments or payments in installments for a product or service. This often happens with companies that offer payment plans or require down payments or deposits for certain products and services.

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